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Welcome to the Shoshone-
Bannock Tribes Tribal Brownfields Response Program Website
Phone: 208.236.1048




In 1995, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the Brownfields Program and it has since grown into a nationwide plan of environmental restoration.

In 2006, the
Shoshone-Bannock Tribes began a Tribal Brownfields Response Program funded by grant monies provided by the EPA.

The Brownfields Program is continually identifying sites with the help of community members input. All proposed sites will be considered for assessment.


Sites containing hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants will then be prioritized by risk to human health and the environment. Decisions on conducting assessments will be based on:

1) The site meeting the US Environmental Protection Agency definition of a Brownfields site and
2) Evaluation of Prioritization Criteria that includes, but is not limited to:

a) type and extent of contamination,
b) environmental, health, and safety impacts,
c) land ownership (such as Tribal, Allotted, etc.),
d) costs and available funding,
e) cultural and historic issues,
f) potential for reuse,
g) creation of jobs, and
h) support from the Tribes Fort Hall Business Council.



How Brownfields Started


Market for old industrial sites began to decline.

Growing concerns over superfund liability.

Instead of reusing existing infrastructure, businesses moved out to pristine “urban sprawl” locations.

US Conference of Mayors initiated an effort in 1993.

EPA announces the first round of Brownfields grants in late 1993.

Why do we have Brownfields

We as the Shoshone Bannock Tribes have the obligation to:

1.) Protect Human Health and the Environment

2.) Create Jobs

3.) Revitalize Distressed Areas


Finding Sites for Reuse
Perform Environmental Site Assessments:
Phase I - Phase II if needed

Objectives for Phase I and II ESAs

Is there a contamination problem? About how big is it?

Might it hurt anyone?

Preliminary (Consultative) Information Development Options / Cost


What is a Brownfields Site?

Contamination may be obvious, or a site can be subtle.

Typical Reasons for Phase I and II ESAs

• Evaluate Whether Recognized Environmental Conditions (REC)   Exist
• Establish “Innocent Land Owner” Defense Or Due Diligence
• Improve Quality of Portfolios

Typical Reasons for the Brownfield DeveloperEvaluate Whether Recognized Environmental Conditions Exist (RECs) Collect Information that is Useful for Many Purposes: Develop Site Conceptual Models Regulatory Oversight Evaluate Remedial Needs and Alternatives Understand the Business Risks of Site Development Site Certification/Closure/No Further Actions (NFA)

Phase I ESA is Required for Brownfields Sites with Federal Brownfields Fundings
Site Conceptual Model
Everything Known about the Site Relative to Contamination Potential Past Uses Chemicals of Potential Concern Release Mechanisms (Can it be Released and How?) Contamination Media and Migration Controlling Factors Geology Hydrology Site Activities

Site Conceptual Model
Everything You Think You Need to Know About the Site Sometimes a Formal Document, Sometimes Just an Idea Constantly Updated with New Information (Maintained)

Phase I ESA / Typical Work Scope for Phase I ESAs
USEPA All Appropriate Inquiry (AAI) November 1, 2006 ~Development Mandated by Brownfields Revitalization Act American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E 1527-05 (Provides Guidance for AAI Phase I ESA Scope of Work
Review Site Documents Interview Owners, Tenants, and Neighbors Perform Reconnaissance Review Regulatory Information Search Databases Review Historical Records Report

If RECs Have Been Identified...
Recognized Environmental Conditions Prepare Phase I ESA Report Update the Site Conceptual Model Provide Update to Regulatory Agency and Obtain Consultation Agree on Scope of Work Develop Phase II ESA Work Plan
Obtain Regulatory Approval of Work Plan


Phase II ESA
Confirm or Refute Possibility of Contamination (RECs) Identified by the Phase I ESA Characterize the Type(s) of Contamination, the Contaminated Media, and Extent of Contamination Allow Comparison of Site Conditions to Published Screening Critieria Collect Information Suitable for Risk Assessment and Remedial Investigations/Feasibility Studies